In recent years, with the significant improvement of the technical level of China's machine tool industry, the industry as a whole has achieved rapid development. However, the fly in the ointment is that in the high-end CNC products, it relies heavily on imports. Therefore, for the domestic machine tool industry, it is extremely urgent to accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure and achieve autonomy.
According to statistics, the overall prosperity index of China's machine tool industry in 2015 was only 34.5%, and it was down 8.8% year-on-year. The contradiction between industry consumption and production structure is prominent. High-end CNC machine tools basically rely on imports, and development is limited by Western countries. In addition, many of the scientific research results in China's research are just "paper talks" and have not embarked on the practical path.
Faced with the current basic situation of the machine tool industry, the state has vigorously launched and issued relevant policies and outlines to encourage the independent development of the four major areas of the machine tool industry. As early as 2006, the State Council issued the "National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Technology Development Plan (2006-2020)", in which CNC machine tools were listed as major national science and technology projects, and state subsidies were issued in related fields. In 2010, the State Council reviewed and approved the “Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries.” The “Decision” clarified that “high-end equipment manufacturing industry” is listed as one of the seven strategic emerging industries, and the state will concentrate on accelerating Speed, strengthen the policy support for fiscal, taxation and financial services in the equipment manufacturing industry. The "Made in China" 2025 released in 2015 also listed high-end CNC machine tools as one of the top ten key areas of China's manufacturing development strategy. According to this strategy, we will vigorously promote breakthrough development in key areas and focus on ten key areas including high-end CNC machines. Introduction: Introduction to the automatic cutting process of the mold structure surface)
The development of the machine tool industry requires not only national policy support, but also the company's own reform and innovation. For enterprises, it is the way for enterprises to develop their foundations, develop innovative technologies and improve product quality. Domestic machine tool enterprises need to change the production concept of “machine tools that only produce the most profitable products”, and seek breakthroughs from the low-end positioning of the original machine tool products to the high-end CNC machine tools. Second, innovation is the driving force for enterprise development. Domestic machine tool enterprises should innovate products, update production models, and take the road of innovation and development.
In recent years, CNC machine tool manufacturers represented by listed companies have taken the lead in technological breakthroughs and innovations. For example, the developed A and C swing angle high-speed machining centers have solved the problem of high-speed machining of large aluminum alloys in the aviation field. At the same time, the large-scale turning-milling machine tool developed by Shenyang Machine Tool has improved the precision and processing efficiency of large-scale crankshaft machining, and played a positive role in solving the problem of ship power backwardness in China. The development of the bridge 5-axis gantry machining center solves the problem of processing titanium alloy forgings in the aerospace field.
Looking at the development status of China's machine tool industry, it is crucial to seek technological breakthroughs in high-end areas, accelerate industrial restructuring, and achieve independent innovation. On the one hand, enterprises must strive to innovate and strengthen R&D, master the core technologies independently, and actively engage in in-depth dialogue with users in key areas to achieve application; on the other hand, they need strong policy support, guide the combination of supply and demand, and encourage enterprises to adopt domestic high-end machine tools. The two-pronged approach not only accelerates the shortcomings of the reality, but also clarifies the industrial common technology level under the guidance of clear industrial development goals and development priorities, vigorously promotes the development of high-end CNC machine tools, and realizes the transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power.